How to Play Gin Rummy: A Guide
Gin Rummy is a popular card game that is a variation of Rummy. The rules are essentially the same as the rules of regular Rummy, but with twists. In Gin Rummy, instead of laying your melds (i.e., matching runs and sets) on the table during gameplay, you wait until the end of the game to reveal your hand. Further, Gin Rummy is a two-player game, while in Rummy, multiple people can play at once.
If you’re ready to familiarize yourself with the rules of Gin Rummy, we’re here to help. In this article, you will learn:
- The objective of Gin Rummy
- The rules of Gin Rummy (step-by-step instructions)
- How to keep score and win
- The difference between Gin Rummy and Rummy
- Where to start playing Gin Rummy on your phone
Continue reading to learn more.
The Objective Of Gin Rummy
The goal of Gin Rummy is to create melds (i.e., runs and sets) with the cards in your hand. A run is three or more sequenced cards of the same suit (i.e., 5, 6, & 7 of Hearts OR 10, J, Q, & K of Spades). It’s similar to Texas Hold’em but far less complex.
A set (or book) is a collection of three to four cards with the same rank (i.e., 5 of Diamonds, 5 of Hearts, 5 of Spades, & 5 of Clubs). Unlike Rummy, the Ace in Gin Rummy is always a low card.
The person who reaches 100 points first (over several hands) wins the game.
What Are The Rules For Gin Rummy?
Gin Rummy rules are not overly complex. Gin Rummy is a two-person game. It requires a 52-card deck of cards (that means no Jokers). For scoring purposes, Aces are considered low cards worth one point each, face cards (i.e., Jacks, Queens, and Kings) are worth 10 points and all other cards are worth their face value.
For example, a 5 of Hearts is worth five points, a 3 of Spades is worth three points, etc. Listed below are step-by-step instructions for playing Gin Rummy.
After you’ve mastered the basics, you’ll be ready to test your skills against friends, family, and online opponents.
Each player draws a card face-down from the top of the deck. The player with the lowest value card is the dealer. After the first hand of gameplay, the loser of the previous round becomes the dealer.
The dealer deals 10 cards to themselves and their opponent in an alternating fashion. The cards should remain face-down on the table during dealing. When the dealer completes the deal, the remaining cards are placed between both players and start the stockpile.
Next, the dealer turns over the top card from the stockpile deck and places it face-up on the side. This is the start of the discard pile.
Each player should position their cards into melds (i.e., runs and sets) in their hands if they have them. The first turn is taken by the non-dealer. As the first player, they decide if they want the face-up card from the discard pile. If they don’t want that card, they can pass, and the dealer can select it if they wish. If both players don’t like a card from the discard pile, the dealer can choose the top card from the stockpile.
The dealer and the non-dealer take turns choosing a card from the discard pile or the stockpile as they attempt to form melds in their hand. However, you should not place your melds on the table until the end of the round. You don’t want to give your opponent an advantage.
It’s important to note that the hand ends in a draw when only two stock cards remain, and no points are awarded. The hand must be re-dealt.
Keeping Score and Winning in Gin Rummy
You win a hand (or round) in Gin Rummy by “knocking.” A player knocks when all of the cards in their hand form melds, and no cards are unmatched. At that point, the player achieves “Gin.”
On that player’s turn, they draw one card from the stockpile and place it face-down on the discard pile. That lets the other player know that they're “knocking.” Players can physically knock the table to signify that you’ve reached Gin as well.
You can also Knock to stop your opponent from achieving Gin. Players can’t end a hand if their “deadwood” cards (i.e., unmatched cards) are worth 10 points or more. For example, if you have a run of 7-8-9-10 of Hearts, a set of J-J-J, and a 5 and 7, you can’t knock because your deadwood equates to more than 10.
Both must lay their hand face-up on the table when one player knocks. At this point, the non-knocker is allowed to “lay off” deadwood cards into their opponent’s melds. For instance, if the non-knocker has a three and a four deadwood card, they can add it to the other player’s run of 4-5-6 or 5-6-7.
You can only lay off cards if no player reaches Gin. Here’s how the scoring system works. - The melds don’t count for any points. - One player subtracts their deadwood points from the other player’s. For example, if you have a 4 and 5 leftover, and your opponent has a 10 and jack, you subtract 9 from 20 and receive 11 points. - If a player reaches Gin, they automatically receive a Gin bonus of 25 points. There is no subtraction necessary. - The game continues until the winner reaches the agreed-upon score over multiple rounds. In most cases, it’s whoever gets 100 points first.
How Many Cards Do You Have in Hand in Gin Rummy?
Each player should have 10 cards in their hand at all times during the game of Gin Rummy. Further, if you select a card from the discard pile or the stockpile, you must return another card from your hand to the discard pile. Don’t place your cards on the table until one player achieves Gin or knocks.
Pro Tip: Knock as early as possible in the game. Otherwise, you risk your opponent reaching Gin and ending the game before you have a chance to win.
What is the Difference Between Gin And Gin Rummy?
As the names suggest, Gin Rummy and Rummy are similar games. However, the most significant differences are:
Gin Rummy is a two-person game, whereas Rummy can be played with multiple people. You don’t place your melds on the table in Gin Rummy until the end of the game.
The Ace in Gin Rummy is only a low card, whereas it can be a low card or high card in Rummy.
Where to Play Gin Rummy on Your Phone
Are you ready to test your Gin Rummy skills against real players for real rewards online? If so, check out our unique selection of Gin Rummy games below:
Get started now. Compete against players right now from all over the world for your chance to win!